- Native to South East China
- An ancient and revered plant long cultivated in China and Japan and originally classified as Citrus japonica.
- Introduced to the West by Robert Fortune, a plant hunter, in 1846 and re-classified (because of botanical differences in the fruit) as its own species with the name Fortunella.
- The older name of Citrus is now considered valid hence the confusion in horticulture where it sometimes called Citrus and sometimes called Fortunella.
- Now widely grown throughout the world for commercial purposes and as a culinary and ornamental amenity plant.
- Slow growing
- Small fruit, mostly oval
- Medium to thick edible rind that is sweet, aromatic and spicy with an acid base
- Not much pulp i.e. few segments usually more acid than the rind
- Fruit holds well on the tree
- Small pointed seeds if any at all
- Fruit will set without being pollinated and therefore be seedless
- High levels of calcium and potassium along with Vitamins C
- Likes the sun but will tolerate a little shade
- Well drained fertile soil
- Doesn't like strong wind
- Will tolerate higher levels of cold and heat that other Citrus
- Still best to protect from harsh frost when young
- Pollinated by bees
- Often has heavy crops so some thinning out of fruit may be required
- Ripe towards the end of autumn/winter but holds well on the tree
- Asian Style Cooking
- Candied Peel
- Can be preserved whole
NB - All parts of the Kumquat can be eaten, often the skin is sweeter than the flesh.
Most Popular Varieties For Culinary Purposes
Large Round Kumquat
Lime x Kumquat
Wairere Nursery 826 Gordonton Road, R D 1, Hamilton Ph: (07) 824 3430 Email: Open 7 days 8:30am-5pm