The term ‘Deciduous” means “shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season”. This means that in autumn, the leaves of deciduous trees will start falling until the tree is bare, and it will remain so until new leaves start to emerge in the spring.
There are many reasons for selecting a deciduous specimen as oposed to an evergreen. The primary one is that if the tree is planted in an area where you wish to have summer shade and winter sun, then the habit that a deciduous tree has of shedding its leaves is perfect. So if you want shade over your outdoor entertaining area to protect you from the harsh summer sun, but in that same area you want the warmth of the winter sun to penetrate, then you must choose a deciduous specimen.
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Another reason is that deciduous trees bring the ‘wow’ factor in the autumn with their exquisite displays of reds, oranges, yellows, ambers and browns. Every garden is enhanced by a display of this autumnal beauty. There is a constantly changing display as the deciduous tree moves through the seasons; there is definition that cannot be attained with an evergreen tree. From the beauty of the fine tracery of bare branches in the winter to the excitement of the new leaf buds apearing in spring, to the full extent of dense greenery in the summer to the stunning colour in the autumn, the seasons are distinctive.
It is important to know to what height and width the tree will grow as it is likely to become a permanent structure in the garden and trees do not take kindly to being pruned. They have different natural shapes: spreading, pyramidal, conical, round, flat toped, columnar etc. and they need to be allowed to maintain their natural shapes.
Spring growth emerges coppery-red and matures to a glossy dark green in summer. During autumn the leaves display red, yellow and orange. This small, sturdy maple has an oval to rounded, slightly spreading form. Bark is pale brown and attractively dappled with a papery texture. Prefers a sheltered site. Deciduous. Est.10yr growth
Habit: Oval to round spreading Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 5m x 2m
Extremely tolerant, fast growing tree that loves moisture. Attractive heart shaped leaves (hence the name Cordata) that are green and glossy. The male flower catkins appear before the leaves and the female flowers develop into small woody cones. Deciduous.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 12m x 8m
The pink-bloomed bark of the Chinese red birch is stunning in winter. Backlit as the days shorten, the peeling edges on the trunk display translucent golden edges. The darker cinnamon-brown underside can be seen as it is lifted by a breeze. The effect is a winter-warming tapestry of grey-pink, cream and cinnamon-brown.
Himalayan Birch - an attractive bright white bark, dark green leaves which turn yellow in autumn, and interesting catkins in spring. An elegant tree that is perfect for all gardens, large or small. Looks great group planting. Prefers a soil that does not completely dry out in summer. Deciduous. Est.10yr.height.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 7m x 3m
Copper Beech. For those who have got the room this magnificent tree has to be on your "must have" list. Oval, toothed foliage that emerges bronze-red in spring slowly deepening to deep purple-black. Beautiful when the light reflects through the leaves. Hardy and easy to grow. Est.10yr.growth.
Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 10m x 6m
Dawn Redwood. This ancient Chinese Conifer was rediscovered in the 1940's and is now grown throughout the world. A handsome tree with ferny green foliage and 'shaggy' brown bark. The foliage turns gold-bronze prior to leaf fall. Likes the sun and fertile soil. The Height is 10 year estimate. Deciduous.
Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 12m x 6m
Something just a little different - a deciduous conifer and unlike its other family members happy to grow in swampy wet areas. Attractive soft ferny green foliage in spring, in autumn this turns a warm rusty brown before falling. Fibrous red brown bark and a nice sturdy trunk complete the picture.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 7m x 4m