The term ‘Deciduous” means “shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season”. This means that in autumn, the leaves of deciduous trees will start falling until the tree is bare, and it will remain so until new leaves start to emerge in the spring.
There are many reasons for selecting a deciduous specimen as oposed to an evergreen. The primary one is that if the tree is planted in an area where you wish to have summer shade and winter sun, then the habit that a deciduous tree has of shedding its leaves is perfect. So if you want shade over your outdoor entertaining area to protect you from the harsh summer sun, but in that same area you want the warmth of the winter sun to penetrate, then you must choose a deciduous specimen.
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Another reason is that deciduous trees bring the ‘wow’ factor in the autumn with their exquisite displays of reds, oranges, yellows, ambers and browns. Every garden is enhanced by a display of this autumnal beauty. There is a constantly changing display as the deciduous tree moves through the seasons; there is definition that cannot be attained with an evergreen tree. From the beauty of the fine tracery of bare branches in the winter to the excitement of the new leaf buds apearing in spring, to the full extent of dense greenery in the summer to the stunning colour in the autumn, the seasons are distinctive.
It is important to know to what height and width the tree will grow as it is likely to become a permanent structure in the garden and trees do not take kindly to being pruned. They have different natural shapes: spreading, pyramidal, conical, round, flat toped, columnar etc. and they need to be allowed to maintain their natural shapes.
Rubrum. This upright Canadian Maple eventually grows into a tall tree with a narrow columnar habit. In autumn the leaves turn yellow with splashes of red on the margins. Excellent specimen or avenue tree. Protect from strong prevailing winds. Deciduous
Give it room to grow and will reward you well. Prefers the sun and deep acid soil but reasonably tolerant and very hardy.
Colour: Red Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 10m x 4m
Extremely tolerant, fast growing tree that loves moisture. Attractive heart shaped leaves (hence the name Cordata) that are green and glossy. The male flower catkins appear before the leaves and the female flowers develop into small woody cones. Deciduous.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 12m x 8m
The Mexican Alder is a quick growing evergreen or semi evergreen (in cold climates) tree with attractive serrated green leaves, grey bark and catkins. Perfect for wind-breaks, privacy or shelter. Easy to grow, trims well, timber can be used for fire-wood. Prefers sun and adequate moisture. Evergreen.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 8m x 3m
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Beautiful green foliage for back-ground planting. The leaves turn to stunning shades of red and fall to reveal deep red stems, adding naked colour to the winter garden. To encourage colourful bark, remove a third of the stems back to ground level each spring.
Easy to grow.
English Hawthorn. A hardy and robust tree with dark green indented foliage and branches that are laden with little, deep rose red flowers in spring. The flowers are followed by red berries much loved by birds. Happiest in the sun. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Crataegus are in the same plant family as Roses - Rosacea - you'll be able to tell that when you look closely at the flowers.
Colour: Red Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 6m x 4.5m
Purple Leaf Cherry Plum. A fabulous foliage tree which is valued for providing contrast in the 'green' landscape. Purple-black leaves hold their colour from spring emergence until leaf fall. Pretty pink single blossom in spring. Plant in a well drained sunny spot. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Pink Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 4m x 2.5m
Flowering Cherry. If you've ever stood underneath a Shimidzu Sakura in full blossom then you will know what an angel's clouds look like. A beautiful breathtaking tree with double pink blossoms that hang in clusters from long stalks. Excellent autumn colour. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: Pink Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 4m x 5m
If you want a robust large spreading tree with dazzling white blossom then this is the flowering cherry for you. The flowers are large, single and showy. Excellent autumn colour before leaf fall. All together a good 'doer' and spectacular in full flower. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Colour: White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 8m x 6m
Pin Oak. One of my favourite Oaks for its graceful drooping branch formation. Handsome dark green foliage in summer that turns to fiery shades of red prior to leaf fall. A beautiful specimen tree that is hardy, tolerant and easy to grow in anything but alkaline soils. Est.10yr.growth.
The Pin Oak is more moisture tolerant than other Oaks and has a shallow rooting system. That is because its natural habitat is poorly drained flat land in eastern-central USA.
Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 20m x 10m
The classic and much loved English Oak grows into a large, spreading tree with pale gray bark and shallowly-lobed green leaves that turn golden yellow prior to leaf fall. The perfect tree for large gardens, pond edges or paddocks. Acorns are much loved by wild-life, especially ducks. Deciduous.
The mighty Oak will live between 600 and 700 years so it really is a tree for life and is the perfect symbolic tree for families to plant to celebrate a new-born.
Habit: Spreading Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 30m x 20m
Red Oak. A handsome specimen tree that once planted will be enjoyed for generations to come. Large lobed dark green leaves that colour well in tones of red and orange prior to leaf fall. Ideal paddock tree as it needs space to grow to its true glory. Deciduous. Height is 10 year estimate.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 10m x 7m
A spectacular tree with spring foliage of pale gold turning to a darker yellow with green tones during warmer months. In autumn deep golden tones come to the fore before leaf fall. Very easy to grow and tolerant of dry soils and frost. Deciduous.
Colour: White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 5m x 3m
'Mop Top' forms a ball of fresh lustrous foliage on a sturdy lollipop stem. Makes a strong statement in any planting scheme especially avenue planting. Equally fabulous in a large container. Hardy and tolerant of most conditions except wet feet. Trim to maintain shape and required size. Deciduous.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: Stdcm x cm