Plum Pollinators" target="_blank">Plums are one of the most vigorous, tolerant and easiest of stone fruits to grow and will reward you with prolific crops for very little effort. The variety of Plums on offer to today can make choosing the right tree for the right place a little mind boggling. The most important thing to know about Plum trees is that most require a pollinator i.e. another plum tree planted nearby that will help cross pollinate the blossom in order for fruit to be produced. Nearby does not necessarily have to be in your garden but the chances of a good crop are improved greatly if the bees don't have to fly too far to do their job.

There are 3 main species of" target="_blank">Plum and their hybrids sold in New Zealand. They are:-
European (Prunus domestica) - Includes many heritage varieties. Usually perform better in cooler climates where they can be completely dormant in winter. Fruit is often very aromatic and usually smaller than the Japanese Plum.
Japanese (Prunus salicina) - Vigorous, more tolerant of warmer climates, tend to have large fleshy fruit.
Cherry Plums (Prunus cerasifera) - These tend to fruit first in the season with smaller fruit.

The chart below is an easy guide to find the correct pollinator for your favourite Plum tree. Self-fertile Plums can be planted without a Pollinator but will usually do best with a companion of the same species.


AngelinoJapaneseFeb-MarchSanta Rosa, Fortune, Black Amber
Angelina BurdettEuropeanDec-JanSelf fertile, Greengage
Billingtons EarlyHybridDec-JanBlack Doris, Omega
Black AmberJapaneseDec-JanSanta Rosa, Satsuma
Black DorisHybridFeb-MarchElephant Heart, Santa Rosa, Duffs Early Jewel
Blue DiamondEuropeanFeb-MarchAngelina Burdett, Greengage
BurbankJapaneseJan-FebSelf fertile, Santa Rosa, Omega, Duffs Early Jewel
Coes Golden DropEuropeanFeb-MarchGreengage, Reine Claude de Bavay
DamsonEuropeanFeb-MarchSelf fertile
DelightHybridJan-FebElephant Heart, Santa Rosa
Duffs Early JewelJapaneseDec-JanSelf fertile, Santa Rosa, Red Doris
Elephant HeartJapaneseFeb-MarchSanta Rosa, Sultan
English GreengageEuropeanJan-FebSelf fertile, Coes Golden Drop
FortuneJapaneseJan-FebSanta Rosa, Billington
GreengageEuropeanJan-FebSelf fertile, Coes Golden Drop
HaweraJapaneseJan-FebSelf fertile
LuisaEuropeanJan-FebSelf fertile
Mac VernaJapaneseDec-JanBillingtons, Wilsons Early
MarabellaEuropeanFeb-MarchSelf fertile
MariposaJapaneseJan-FebElephant Heart, Satsuma
Omega AKA George WilsonHybridFeb-MarchSanta Rosa, Duffs Early Jewel
PlumcotHybridFeb-MarchDuffs Early Jewel, Santa Rosa
Purple KingHybridJan-FebDuffs Early Jewel, Red Doris
Queen RosaJapaneseDec-JanSanta Rosa, Satsuma
Red BeautJapaneseDec-JanSanta Rosa, Billington
Red DorisHybridFeb-MarchDuffs Early Jewel, Santa Rosa
Reine Claude de BavayEuropeanJan-FebSelf fertile
Santa RosaJapaneseDec-JanPartially Self fertile, Omega, Black Doris
SatsumaJapaneseJan-FebPartially self fertile, Santa Rosa
ShiroJapaneseDec-JanSanta Rosa
SultanJapaneseJan-FebPartially Self fertile, Santa Rosa, Elephant Heart
Wilsons EarlyHybridDec-JanPartially Self fertile, Black Doris, Billington
Yellow OganEuropeanJan-FebSelf fertile

Rootstocks for Plums

As Plums are so vigorous and naturally grow very large, their size can controlled by the type of rootstock that they are budded or grafted on to. As with Apples the rootstock will dictate the eventual size of your Plum tree and how it responds to various growing conditions. The rootstocks are a specially selected form of Plum from the same family (Prunus). They form the roots of the tree and the first part of the stem - the scion which is the named variety of Plum is then budded on to the rootstock and this forms the main part of the tree. The most common Plum rootstocks are as follows:

- Controls height to approximately 4-5m
- Tolerant of wet and heavy soils
- Keeps tree size and crop size uniform
- Shows good disease resistance
- Adaptable and hardy

Marianna Semi Dwarf
- Controls height to approximately 3.5m
- Tolerant of heavy soils
- Shows good disease resistance

St Julian Semi Dwarf
- Controls height to 4-5m
- Good for colder areas or inconsistent climatic conditions
- Bears fruit after 3-4 years
- Can stand on its own roots � no staking

- Control height to 3m
- Prolific and will produce fruit after 2 years - fruit will be slightly smaller
- Needs staking
- Likes ideal conditions i.e. sun, good drainage


Wairere Nursery
826 Gordonton Road, R D 1, Hamilton Ph: (07) 824 3430 Email:     Open 7 days 8:30am-5pm