As our Rose journey continues we leave behind the intrepid adventurers and plant hunters and step forward into the world of modern Rose breeding which really got in to gear with the Hybrid Perpetual Group. Hybrid Perpetual Roses evolved from deliberate crosses between Noisettes, Boubons, Portlands and Hybrid Chinas in an attempt to extend the flowering period of roses beyond summer. Hybrid Perpetuals dominated between 1840 and 1900 and in this frantic period of rose breeding it is estimated 800 plus "new" Hybrid Perpetual roses were introduced. Many have French names which, indicates that the French Rose Breeders were still highly active, in the world of horticulture that is. This period in history also saw the rise in popularity of exhibiting blooms as cut flowers at competitive Rose Shows (the War of the Roses), many roses being bred just for this purpose. In general, this group develop into large plants with large blooms that carry a powerful fragrance. Paul Neyron, Ferdinand Pichard and La Reine are typical of the form.
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Characteristics of Hybrid Perpetual Roses
- Tall and Upright in Habit
- Large blooms that are often cupped and quartered
- Colour range white, pink, crimson, maroon and striped
- Recurrent i.e. flower more than once a season
- Pruned after flowering
Hybrid Perpetual. Large globular blooms which are very fragrant will appear continuously throughout summer. The blooms are toned silvery pink with a hint of lilac and are cup shaped with masses of petals. Originating from France - 1842.
Colour: Pink / Mauve Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 100cm x 100cm
Hybrid. A relatively thorn-less rose with flat quartered flowers of soft velvety violet with just an amazing perfume. Free flowering right through to autumn. An exquisite rose which in full flush is quite superb. 1860.
AKA Queen of the Violets.
Colour: Mauve / Purple Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.5m x 90cm
Hybrid Perpetual Climber. Velvety port-wine coloured blooms that are semi double, cupped and richly fragrant. The stems are virtually thorn-less. The blooms which repeat well do not like full sun so this rose should be given a semi-shaded position. From France in 1865.
Colour: Red / Red Habit: Climbing Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 3m x 2m
Hybrid Scotch Perpetual. A pretty but prickly rose with blush-pink blooms that appear from spring to autumn but are at their best in summer. The blooms a very fragrant with many petals and fade to almost white as they age. Dainty blue-green foliage that shows good disease resistance. 1838.
Colour: Pink / White Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.5m x 1m