The term ‘Deciduous” means “shedding or losing foliage at the end of the growing season”. This means that in autumn, the leaves of deciduous trees will start falling until the tree is bare, and it will remain so until new leaves start to emerge in the spring.
There are many reasons for selecting a deciduous specimen as oposed to an evergreen. The primary one is that if the tree is planted in an area where you wish to have summer shade and winter sun, then the habit that a deciduous tree has of shedding its leaves is perfect. So if you want shade over your outdoor entertaining area to protect you from the harsh summer sun, but in that same area you want the warmth of the winter sun to penetrate, then you must choose a deciduous specimen.
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Another reason is that deciduous trees bring the ‘wow’ factor in the autumn with their exquisite displays of reds, oranges, yellows, ambers and browns. Every garden is enhanced by a display of this autumnal beauty. There is a constantly changing display as the deciduous tree moves through the seasons; there is definition that cannot be attained with an evergreen tree. From the beauty of the fine tracery of bare branches in the winter to the excitement of the new leaf buds apearing in spring, to the full extent of dense greenery in the summer to the stunning colour in the autumn, the seasons are distinctive.
It is important to know to what height and width the tree will grow as it is likely to become a permanent structure in the garden and trees do not take kindly to being pruned. They have different natural shapes: spreading, pyramidal, conical, round, flat toped, columnar etc. and they need to be allowed to maintain their natural shapes.
The ubiquitous 'Silver Birch' is popular for a reason - it's an easy to grow great looking deciduous tree. Smooth grey-white bark and delicate, green lacy foliage on arching branches. Looks great planted in groups. Plant in sun or part shade. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Your young 'Silver Birch' will initially have a brown stem and the 'silver' colour will develop as it matures. Make sure your new tree gets a good drink during
dry spells until it gets established.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 8m x 5m
Japanese White Birch is similar to 'Silver Birch' but has larger leaves, there is no droop to the branches, and the bark maintains its handsome whiteness into maturity, sometimes with a touch of pink. - it's an easy to grow great looking deciduous tree. Looks great planted in groups. Plant in sun or part shade. Deciduous. Est.10yr.growth.
Himalayan Birch. A stunning tree which will be shown to its best advantage planted in groups. The trunk of the tree develops smooth unblemished white bark with a horizontally peeling habit. The dark green leaves have serrated edges and form a large open crown turning soft yellow in autumn. Est.10yr.growth.
This stunning tree is easy to grow in sun or part shade. Make sure the planting position has soil that does not completely dry out in hot summers. The pure whiteness of the bark may take 4 or 5 years to completely develop.
River Birch - Weeping. A delightful cascading form which is perfect for smaller gardens. Attractive fresh green spring and summer foliage that turns yellow before leaf fall. Characteristic flaking bark. Fast growing in sun or part shade. Tolerates quite a bit of moisture. Deciduous. PVR.
I purchased one of these for my own garden about a year ago as I was enchanted by the beautiful shape and fresh green leaves. I have an awkward small courtyard area that sometimes gets quite wet - this tree was the perfect choice and it is doing well.
Habit: Weeping Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 1.8m x 0.9m
Hornbeam. Ideal tree for hedging or pleaching. Attractive oval green ribbed foliage that has good autumn tones before turning brown. The leaves hold on the tree well into winter. Smooth grey bark, ornamental catkins in spring followed by ornamental winged seed 'nuts'. Deciduous.
Colour: Yellow / Green Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 15m x 10m
An upright narrow form of Hornbeam with oval ribbed green leaves that have good autumn colour, eventually turning brown. The leaves often remain on the tree for quite some time over winter. The tree will gradually broaden with age. Attractive catkins
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 10m x 8m
The 'Toon' tree is all about the fabulous foliage which emerges in early spring. Initially the leaves are bright shrimp pink, gradually turning to bright green. Strong upright growth. Protect from wind. Deciduous.
Colour: Assorted Habit: Upright Est. Hgt/Wdth in 7/10 yrs: 4m x 3m
One for the connoisseur. A delightful pendulous deciduous tree with fresh green rounded foliage that turns shades of smoky pink and butter yellow in autumn. Also at this time of year the tree gives off a sweet spicy fragrance that some folk say smells like burnt sugar! Definitely a sweetie.
This is a special feature tree with branches that cascade gently to the ground - exceptionally lovely and rarely available. Even looks good bare which is more than I can say for some!
A special deciduous tree with aromatic foliage. The emerging spring leaves are shaded in tones of reddish-bronze before turning a deep green over summer. The leaves are heart shaped and neatly arranged in pairs on multi-stemmed branches. Fantastic autumn colours before leaf fall. Deciduous.
This tree will grow in sun or part shade and prefers a rich soil that does not completely dry out in summer.